Les Ephgrave is considered one of the master craftsmen of the post war era. He worked for Harry Resch and Claud Butler's. He went on his own in 1948. His brother Norman joined him. When orders were low, they produced steel shop fittings, shelving etc., which is where the trade-mark 'lollypops' and bars on the seat stay caps came from. These were the waste/cut-outs from that shelving production.
Len Phipps, the well known lug cutter, learned from Les Ephgrave during the 1960s. Len would visit the Ephgrave frame building shop in Clapton, London on his Saturday's off to watch the 'master' at work. Len reports that Les Ephgrave DID cut all the Ephgrave frame lug sets himself.
Les built his last frame circa 1968 and died in 1969, his brother eventually emigrated to Australia and he died there in 1980.